Municipalities (largely counties and cities) receive transfers from the federal government and their state governments for their operations and have their “own source” streams of revenue. Over the past few decades, transfers from the federal government and states have not kept pace with the increased responsibilities assigned to municipalities by them; something that needed to be corrected. But municipalities have experimented widely in finding ways to generate their own revenue — from taxes, fees, fines of different sorts, to mechanisms of “value-capture” to appropriate a share of the new wealth generation attributable to their investments. They’ve also innovated in how they make spending decisions. ProGov21’s roadmap to practice and innovation in this area is Public Funding & Investment.