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An ordinance encouraging government entities to purchase locally grown food by providing local producers a bid preference depending on whether the producer is local, sustainable, or a combination of both.
The resolution requires Woodbury County and any food service contractors who conduct business with the county to purchase locally produced organic food when a department of Woodbury County serves food in the usual course of business. A contractor may cover unavailable local organic supply through its current procurement practices with preference to be given to local non-organic food products. The resolution requires a single-point-of-contact broker, located in Woodbury County, to interact with food service contractors, for availability, price, quality, presentation and delivery terms for all locally produced organic food.
This ordinance establishes a public purchasing preference for locally-produced goods. This ordinance requires that government and public agencies review their existing purchasing contracts to evaluate the portion of their purchasing portfolios that are produced locally. Moreover, this ordinance establishes purchasing standards and practices that apply to any future contracts entered into by the county or its agents.
This report discusses the concept, features, and implementation of municipal-level community benefits agreements (CBAs) in California. This report notes that these agreements enhance trust and cooperation between employees, businesses, communities, and governments by contractually binding them to one another following CBA negotiations. Notably, where large scale development projects are bound to a community through a CBA, this report finds that the economic growth and development is more wide spread across the community where developers and communities have a CBA in place than in cases where developers are not bound to the community through some contract. This report finds that CBAs both open lines of communication between community groups and developers and foster greater coordination between communities and developers by establishing goals of development.
This ordinance makes several changes relating to the requirements of the participation of city residents in public works contracts, requirements for developers receiving direct financial assistance from the city, local business enterprise contracting standards and sanction and penalty provisions for these matters. The changes include: The definition of resident is changed to include all persons who maintain their place of permanent abode within the entire city, not just the Community Development Block Grant area; Worker hours is defined and excludes all hours performed by non-Wisconsin residents; The definition of unemployed or underemployed is changed to include low-income individuals regardless of employment status; It is required that 40% of the worker hours, unless the department of public works determines there is sufficient reason to impose a lesser requirement, shall be performed by unemployed or underemployed residents and that the contractor give fair consideration to all segments of the population including women and minorities. The number of hours subject to the 40% requirement is based on the total number of hours associated with a contract excluding all hours performed by outof- state workers; The residents preference program established by this section shall be reviewed by the common council, in consultation with the mayor, on or before October 1 of each year. This ordinance applies to any developer of a project that receives $1 million or more in direct financial assistance from the city. This ordinance also establishes a local business enterprise contracting program and standards for city award of contracts to local businesses when those businesses are not the lowest bidders. A local business enterprise means a business which: 1.Is located within the geographical boundaries of the city. Post office box numbers and residential addresses alone shall not suffice to establish status as a local business enterprise. 2. Has been located and doing business in the city for at least 6 months. 3. Is subject to local real estate taxes and is not delinquent in the payment of any local taxes, or that the business enterprise has entered into an agreement to pay any delinquency and is abiding by the terms of the agreement. A contracting department, shall, unless contrary to federal, state or local law or regulation, apply an award standard in all bids so that an otherwise responsive and responsible bidder which is a local business enterprise shall be awarded the contract, provided that its bid does not exceed the lowest bid by more than 5%. A contracting department shall, unless contrary to federal, state or local law or regulation, apply an award standard in the composition of scales used to evaluate proposals submitted in response to formal requests for proposals to procure goods or services. In instances where the maximum number of points used to evaluate a proposal is not equal to 100, an additional number of points, equal to 5% of the maximum number of points used in the evaluation, shall be applied to increase the total score attained by a local business enterprise. If the bids of two or more local business enterprises do not exceed the lowest bid by more than 5%, the contract shall be awarded to the local business enterprise that submitted a bid that exceeded the lowest bid by the smallest amount. A bid preference shall not exceed $50,000 for any one solicitation and award determination.
This ordinance encourages the government to procure goods through local businesses with price preferences. Small businesses (those with 35 or fewer employees) receive a 5% price preference in the awarding of city contracts. For services provided through a request-for-proposal process, local small businesses receive a 10% point advantage. Local businesses of all sizes also receive a 2.5% preference, but the city defines a \\\'local\\\' business as any business with a location in Santa Clara County.
An act requiring that for city-assisted development projects, developers and employers of the built business are required to hire 30% local residents, or make efforts to do so.
This report examines the economic role of immigrants in the 25 largest metropolitan areas in the United States. The report finds that the immigration and economic growth of metro areas go hand in hand; immigrants contribute to the economy in proportion to their share of the population; and immigrants earn wages that are broadly comparable to U.S.-born counterparts in the same occupations at the high end of the labor market whereas, at the low-end, in particular, in service occupations, immigrants have a hard time making ends meet.