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This report evaluates race and gender discrimination in the the restaurant industry including both wage differentials and higing promotion discrimination.
This community development between Los Angeles and the redevelopers of th city's LAX airport which includes local hiring, living wage, job training, addresses civil rights concerns, air quality study, noise mitigation, and other environmental issues.
Body cameras are rapidly becoming the norm in communities across the country. Campaign Zero reviewed available police department body camera policies from the largest 30 cities in America to determine whether this new technology is being implemented in ways that ensure accountability and fairness while protecting communities from surveillance.
America is a nation founded on the ideal that all of us are created equal. This ideal should hold true at home and at work. Paying people fairly for the work they do should not depend on gender or race. America is falling short of this ideal across all sectors of the economy.
This paper offers background on the development of Los Angeles’s Utility Pre-Craft Trainee (UPCT) program, and highlights the features of the program that make it a best practice model for workforce training for entry-level workers. First, we provide an overview of the statewide and local policy landscape regarding energy and jobs that led to the development of the UPCT program. This is followed by a description of the basic structure and mechanics of the program, including the multiple partnerships that have been developed in its implementation. Next, we take a look at the benefits of the program from the perspective of stakeholders. We conclude with a discussion of the lessons learned from UPCT for other utilities or unions interested in implementing similar workforce programs.
Minority-owned businesses play an increasingly important role in the U.S. economy. The nearly one million (996,248) minority-owned businesses with paid employees contribute $1.2 trillion in revenue and eight million jobs to the economy. Minority-owned businesses are especially important to inner cities—economically distressed urban neighborhoods characterized by high poverty and high unemployment rates— and minority wealth building. Building wealth for people of color in inner cities requires not only maximizing employment, but also supporting the development of more entrepreneurs in these neighborhoods and helping them grow their businesses. Entrepreneurship is a wealth building strategy and pathway out of poverty (Bradford, 2003; Gentry and Hubbard, 2004; Quadrini, 2000; Sutter, Bruton, and Chen, 2018). Supporting entrepreneurs of color in inner cities will build wealth and decrease unemployment and poverty in urban areas that need it most.
More than 3,000 local jails detain nearly two-thirds of a million Americans on a given day and over 11 million people per year. Seventy percent of individuals in jail are being held pretrial, meaning they have not yet been convicted of a crime and are legally innocent. The average length of stay for pretrial individuals varies greatly across the country, but the numbers are sobering - for example, the average stay is 55 days in New York City and 39 days in Maryland. About 90 percent of those jailed pretrial only remain incarcerated because they cannot afford their money bail, given that the national median bail is around $10,000.
Police union contracts and statewide Law Enforcement Officer’s Bill of Rights laws have created a system of protections for police officers that amount to an alternate justice system, creating significant legal and structural barriers to accountability, transparency, and fairness. Of at least 4,024 people killed by police since 2013, only 85 of these cases have led to an officer being charged with a crime. Only 6 cases have led to convictions – fewer than 0.2% of known police killings. Data from some of America’s largest police departments show that officers who commit misconduct rarely face administrative consequences, either. It is not surprising that police officers are rarely, if ever, held responsible for their behavior, as the combination of provisions in police union contracts and Law Enforcement Officer’s Bill of Rights constitute de facto immunity from liability.
This report discusses the progress of the Utility Pre-Craft Trainee (UPCT) program since its launch in 2011. The UPCT program, jointly operated by the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) and the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW) Local 18, is an earn-and-learn, pre-apprenticeship training program in which entry-level trainees work full time weatherizing homes and small businesses while learning skills and preparing for civil service exams and career opportunities in the utility. Trainees receive $16 per hour plus health and retirement benefits, considerably better compensation than most entry-level workers earn for weatherization work, and are union members represented by IBEW Local 18. In addition to classroom training, trainees receive on-the-job training to install energy efficiency measures for LADWP’s Home Energy Improvement Program1 and Small Business Direct Install program,2 as well as solar installations on properties owned by LADWP. Trainees also rotate through the water, power, and support services sides of the utility to gain broad exposure and try out different types of work before selecting a career path.
Los Angeles is currently embarking upon one its largest investments in infrastructure in decades. Through these investments, we will be modernizing our port, fixing our roads, and undertaking the largest expansion of public transit in recent history. These investments, representing over $12 billion dollars in construction, will also result in the creation of thousands of jobs in communities slowly recovering from the Great Recession. In 2008, a broad coalition of community members, faith leaders, workers and labor leaders successfully passed a Construction Careers Policy at the Community Redevelopment Agency-Los Angeles, the first of its kind in the nation. This policy approach aimed to increase workplace standards in publicly-funded construction projects and increase access to quality construction careers for communities struggling under the weight of poverty and chronic unemployment. The policy met these goals by coupling a Project Labor Agreement with a targeted hire program. Project Labor Agreements (PLAs) are collective bargaining agreements made between contractors, government agencies, and construction trade unions creating quality jobs that guarantee prevailing wages and health benefits, in exchange for a guarantee of labor peace to protect the public investment. Targeted hire programs ensure that good jobs are created where they are most needed. When paired, PLAs and targeted hire programs can create a much needed pathway out of poverty for workers with limited education and career opportunities in low-income communities.