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This policy brief discusses a system of public disclosure of a building\\\'s ENERGY STAR performance score, which rates a buildings energy efficiency based on utility bills, in order to motivate building owners to invest in energy efficient technologies. The brief asserts that public disclosure of these scores would lead to investment in clean energy technologies, create jobs, and increase energy efficiency.
This local law establishes \"green building\" design standards for certain building construction and rehabilitation projects funded through the City\'s capital budget with the intent of reducing the City\'s electricity and water consumption, reducing air pollution, improving occupant health and worker productivity, and encouraging the development of green building in the private market. Among the types of projects covered are schools, hospitals, libraries, cultural institutions, courts, and administrative buildings, but residential projects assisted by City capital funds are not included. The Mayor is given the authority to exempt up to 20% of the value of the capital work in a given year within the different categories of capital work and accompanying design standards as defined by the bill. Reporting requirements are also established.
The ordinance requires the City to annually disclose energy and water use in all its facilities for the previous calendar year. All large and medium buildings or groups of buildings are required to report annual energy use, water use, and greenhouse gas emissions through Energy Star Portfolio Manager or an equivalent mechanism. The requirement would first apply to non-residential buildings 50,000 square feet and up in 2014 for the 2013 calendar year, and then to residential buildings 50,000 square feet and up, in 2015, non-residential buildings 35,000 square feet and up in 2016, and residential buildings 35,000 square feet and up in 2017. The City would make energy and water use per square foot, Energy Star ratings, greenhouse gas emissions, and other identifying and contextual information for individual buildings available on the Internet. Buildings not demonstrating high energy performance, continual improvements or other appropriate exemption criteria would be required to conduct energy assessments or actions every 5 years to identify opportunities for energy efficiency investment. Building owners would not be required to act on their energy assessments. Failure to comply with reporting requirements will result in fines for building owners. The development of regulations and implementation of the ordinance are overseen by the Air Pollution Control Commission.
The ordinance mandates that, depending on square size and building type, new residential buildings must be 30%-75% more efficient than 2006 International Energy Conservation and Insulation Code levels. Depending on size, major renovations must be 15%-50% more efficient than IECC levels (Home Energy Rating System score of 70-100). To obtain a residential building permit applicants must meet Green Points requirements and obtain energy audit. For commercial buildings, mandates energy modeling for large buildings and a 30% increase in commercial construction requirements.
The ordinance requires all new single family residential units, as defined by the 2006 International Residential Code, to be certified according adopted energy standards.
This ordinance adopts the 2012 Edition of the International Green Construction Code of the International Council. The ordinance regulates the construction, enlargement, alteration, repair, demolition, use, and maintenance of construction with in the city. The ordinance provides for a penalty not to exceed $2,000
This model ordinance establishes a PACE program through which owners of qualifying property located in the PACE district who so choose to access financing for energy saving improvements to their property through PACE loans; and sets guidelines and regulations of PACE program administration.
This act establishes high-performance building standards that require the planning, design, construction, operation and maintenance of building projects; a green building incentives program that includes an expedited construction documents review program; a Green Building Fund; the Green Building Advisory Council. The act also amends the Construction Codes Approval and Amendments Act of 1986 to provide for the revision of the Construction Codes and to include green building practices and amends the Office of Property Management Establishment Act of 1998 to require priority leasing of buildings that meet certain green building standards.
This ordinance sets energy benchmarking requirements on buildings over 20,000 square feet. It also changes the enforcement process for individuals that do not submit an energy benchmark report by moving from accruing fines daily to quarterly fines. The ordinance formally creates an exemption for buildings used in industrial manufacturing, authorizes the delegation of enforcement authority, and authorizes the establishment of grace periods.
This report serves as a resource for local governments and stakeholders in designing and implementing a local solar plan. The report includes examples and models that have been field-tested in cities and counties around the United States.