University of Wisconsin–Madison

ProGov21 Policy Library

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Year
Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2015
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Housing, Public Safety, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance
In an attempt to promote model hiring policies in the private sector, several cities have also required employers that receive local government contracts to adopt the same hiring policies used by the city to remove barriers to employment for people with criminal records. For example,...

Type Ordinance
Year 2012
Level City or Town
State(s) New Jersey
Source Newark Clerk Office
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Democracy & Governance, Environment & Natural Resources
This ordinance requires contracting companies to maintain, to the greatest extent possible, a workforce composed of 40% qualified Newark residents....

Type Fact Sheet or Infographic
Year 2013
Level County
State(s) California
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Democracy & Governance
A fact sheet summarizing project labor agreements....

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2011
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Democracy & Governance, Children & Families
First source hiring ordinances, contract clauses, and related agreements seek to provide meaningful employment opportunities to residents living within communities most directly impacted by local development projects. Local development projects are typically undertaken based on broad...

Type Executive Order
Year 2014
Level City or Town
State(s) Washington
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Environment & Natural Resources, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance
An Executive Order to affirm Seattle's commitment to equity in City contracting and to advance the City's mission to promote race and gender equity in contracting. This Executive Order directs City departments and offices to increase the opportunities for women and minority owned...

Type Fact Sheet or Infographic
Year 2011
Level City or Town
State(s) California
Source San Francisco Office Of Economic And Workforce Development
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Environment & Natural Resources, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance
A fact sheet summarizing local hiring policy for San Francisco....

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2014
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Democracy & Governance, Children & Families
Most targeted hiring programs include mechanisms that do two things: 1) Maximize the chances that workers from the targeted category who are already in the construction industry will get called to work on that job. 2) Create opportunities for new workers - aspiring apprentices who...

Type Ordinance
Year 2011
Level City or Town
State(s) California
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Democracy & Governance, Environment & Natural Resources
Project labor agreements can advance a city's interests by ensuring that unemployed and underemployed residents will receive employment opportunities at city public works construction projects. This ordinance requires Los Angeles' Board of Public Works to approve a project labor agreement...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2014
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Democracy & Governance
Major economic development projects and infrastructure investment can present both tremendous opportunities and significant threats for communities and residents. Using a community benefits approach, as a local government official you have powerful tools available to ensure that these...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2015
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Democracy & Governance, Housing, Public Safety
Inclusive contracting refers to the process of creating the environment for businesses owned by people of color and/or women to participate in a governmental procurement and contracting process. Inclusive business participation in local government procurement and contracting is an...

Type Fact Sheet or Infographic
Year 2015
Level City or Town
State(s) Washington
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Environment & Natural Resources, Democracy & Governance, Children & Families
The City of Seattle supports construction jobs and meaningful employment for those in our community through programs that prepare and train workers for careers with family-sustaining wages. In early 2015, the Seattle City Council adopted a new City law, proposed by Mayor Ed Murray,...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2016
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Democracy & Governance
Policymakers have long understood the job creation opportunities that public infrastructure projects provide. To enhance these jobs' economic and social impact and lift families out of poverty, many cities and states have incorporated job quality and equity policies into public infrastructure...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2008
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Community Development, Public Spaces, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Democracy & Governance
We estimate the effects of Wal-Mart stores on county-level retail employment and earnings, accounting for endogeneity of the location and timing of Wal-Mart openings that most likely biases the evidence against finding adverse effects of Wal-Mart stores. We address the endogeneity...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2015
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Community Development, Public Spaces, Finance & Procurement, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Democracy & Governance
We examine how within-firm skill premia - wage differentials associated with jobs involving different skill requirements - vary both across firms and over time. Our firm-level results mirror patterns found in aggregate wage trends, except that we find them with regard to increases...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2014
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Community Development, Public Spaces, Finance & Procurement, Children & Families, Health, Democracy & Governance, Education
The intensification of economic inequality, one of the defining issues of our times, has many causes, ranging from the weakening of labor unions to the decimation of inheritance taxes. This report argues that another factor belongs on the list: subsidies given by state and local governments...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2014
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance
Public construction projects are an expenditure of public tax dollars; as such, public agencies have an opportunity to develop policies for public construction projects to benefit taxpayers with employment and business opportunities. Targeted hire initiatives create institutional...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2014
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Community Development, Public Spaces, Finance & Procurement, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Democracy & Governance
The Institute for Local Self-Reliance's 7th annual Independent Business Survey gathered data from 2,602 independent, locally owned businesses across all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The respondents encompass a range of business types. A little over half are retailers. The...

Type Executive Order
Year 2013
Level County
State(s) Washington
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Environment & Natural Resources, Democracy & Governance
An executive order outlining the process for considering environmental concerns and equitable development in public contracting....

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2010
Level County
State(s) Wisconsin
Source City Of Madison Engineering Division
Policy Areas Environment & Natural Resources, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Democracy & Governance
Best Value Contracting creates a set of enforceable qualifications with a single point of accountability, pervormance qualifications, workforce development, oversight and transparency on publicly funded projects....

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2012
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Community Development, Public Spaces, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Democracy & Governance
We document a negative correlation, at business cycle frequencies, between the net job creation rate of large employers and the level of aggregate unemployment that is much stronger than for small employers. The differential growth rate of employment between initially large and small...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2008
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Environment & Natural Resources, Democracy & Governance
Over the past decade, the community benefits movement has emerged as a powerful mechanism for challenging the political and economic realities that undermine urban communities. Community benefits campaigns strive to build new political relationships among unlikely allies, uniting...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2013
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Community Development, Public Spaces, Democracy & Governance
Businesses owned by people of color create jobs and build wealth in communities of color. Yet despite rapid growth of entrepreneurship among people of color - and women of color in particular - these businesses face significant barriers to growth and success. Government spending on...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2015
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Community Development, Public Spaces, Democracy & Governance
An analysis of more than 4,200 economic development incentive awards in 14 states finds that large companies received dominant shares, ranging between 80 and 96 percent of their dollar values. The deals, worth more than $3.2 billion, were granted in recent years by programs that,...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2009
Level County
State(s) California
Source California State University
Policy Areas Community Development, Public Spaces, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Democracy & Governance
Small businesses are the lifeblood of the economy in the United States. Based on data from the U.S. Census Bureau, the Office of Advocacy at the U.S. Small Business Administration documented that small businesses accounted for over 92% of the net new jobs creation between 1989 and...

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