University of Wisconsin–Madison

ProGov21 Policy Library

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Year
Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2016
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Children & Families, Health, Democracy & Governance, Food
A critical first step when considering a local tax is to review state law to determine what kinds of taxes are authorized for local governments in your state. Whereas states have broad authority to impose almost any type of tax, local governments can only impose taxes that have been...

Type Fact Sheet or Infographic
Year 2016
Level City or Town
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Health, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance, Food, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Community Development, Public Spaces, Transportation & Mobility
The city of Lincoln is home to 133 miles of trails and more than 125 parks and green spaces on over 6,000 acres of public land. Lincoln's trail system consistently ranks among the best in the country. Numerous partnerships exist throughout the community to promote and encourage active...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2012
Level City or Town, County, State
State(s) All States
Source ChangeLab Solutions
Policy Areas Health, Finance & Procurement, Food
State and local governments can improve residents’ diets by exercising their power to purchase goods and services. By adopting healthy procurement policies, governments can improve public health, lower overall costs, and provide leadership for the private sector to do the same....

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2016
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Health, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance, Food, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Education, Community Development, Public Spaces, Transportation & Mobility
After increasing steadily for decades, the national childhood obesity rate has leveled off. This policy brief examines reports from across the country to learn more about where progress is being made to address childhood obesity....

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2014
Level City or Town
State(s) All States
Source The Project For Lean Urbanism
Policy Areas Health, Community Development, Public Spaces
We've done a great job developing technology and labor saving machines, which unfortunately has produced a population that is disconnected from nature and sedentary. Our fondness of sitting is reflected in growing rates of obesity, diabetes, and chronic pain. One of the best things...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2010
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Health, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance, Food
Passing a local resolution is one way for communities to promote obesity prevention policies. Today more than two-thirds of adults in the United States are overweight or obese, and among children and adolescents, 16.3 percent are obese and 31.9 percent are obese or overweight. Obese...

Type Fact Sheet or Infographic
Year 2010
Level City or Town
State(s) Illinois
Source Office Of Policy And Planning-Chicago Department Of Public Health
Policy Areas Democracy & Governance, Health
Americans are becoming increasingly overweight and obese. During the past four decades, the obesity rate for children ages 6 to 11 has more than quadrupled, and more than tripled for adolescents. The negative consequences of obesity, including diabetes, heart disease, and stroke,...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2015
Level City or Town, County
State(s) All States
Source ChangeLab Solutions
Policy Areas Health, Children & Families, Food
The vast majority of food marketing to young kids promotes unhealthy foods and beverages. This report describes the many channels through which young children are exposed to unhealthy food marketing (i.e. outdoor advertising, broadcast media, digital media, etc) and provides policy...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2012
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Health, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance, Food, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Education, Community Development, Public Spaces, Transportation & Mobility
Growing concern over childhood obesity has prompted a focus on underlying epidemics of physical inactivity and poor nutrition. Regarding the former, there is increasing understanding that behavior change promotion alone has not increased population physical activity levels and that...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2012
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Health, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance, Food, Economic Justice, Civil Rights
Bringing a grocery store into an underserved neighborhood not only makes fresh produce and other healthy food more accessible, it can provide livingwage jobs, raise the value of surrounding property, and anchor and attract additional businesses to the neighborhood. A wide range of...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2011
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Health, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance, Food, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Environment & Natural Resources, Community Development, Public Spaces, Transportation & Mobility
The way we design and build our neighborhoods can affect our physical and mental health. In this time of rising obesity rates, traffic congestion, long work hours, high stress levels, and fewer opportunities to be physical active, finding creative ways to address these issues is important....

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2014
Level City or Town, County
State(s) All States
Source ChangeLab Solutions
Policy Areas Health, Finance & Procurement, Food
Rural communities face physical, geographic, social, and economic barriers to good health. These include: limited access to healthy foods, few exercise facilities, lack of public transportation, lack of nutrition education, and more. As a result, older adults in rural areas tend to...

Type Ordinance
Year 2010
Level County
State(s) California
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Democracy & Governance, Health, Children & Families, Food
Restaurants encourage children and adolescents to choose specific menu items by linking them with free toys and other incentive items. This ordinance states that a restaurant may not provide an incentive item linked to the purchase of a single food item or meal if it includes excessive...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2011
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Health, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance, Food, Environment & Natural Resources, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Education, Community Development, Public Spaces, Transportation & Mobility
Over the last two decades childhood obesity has risen at an alarming rate in the United States. In 1999, 13 percent of children ages six to 11 and 14 percent of adolescents ages 12 to 19 were overweight. This prevalence has nearly tripled. Now, the number of overweight children in...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2010
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Health, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance, Food, Economic Justice, Civil Rights
Since 2000, the number of farmers markets across the United States has increased 80% to reach over 5,000 by 2010. Farmers markets seem to be popping up everywhere: they can be found in neighborhood parking lots, at bus and train stops, and even in front of hospitals. Their popularity...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2011
Level City or Town
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Health, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance, Food, Environment & Natural Resources, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Education, Community Development, Public Spaces, Transportation & Mobility
Communities around the country are looking to promote healthier eating by encouraging urban agriculture. "Urban agriculture" is an umbrella term encompassing a wide range of activities involving the raising, cultivation, processing, marketing, and distribution of food in urban areas....

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2012
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Health, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance, Food
Within cities, residents face stark disparities in their access to fresh, healthy produce, with low-income communities often the most affected by this limited access. Inequitable access to food perpetuates poor health outcomes among low-income populations and undermines efforts to...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2015
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Health, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance, Food, Environment & Natural Resources, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Education, Community Development, Public Spaces, Transportation & Mobility
A child's health is a key predictor for his or her future success and well-being. Unfortunately, far too many children face barriers that prevent them from reaching their full potential because of where they live, learn and play. The inequitable distribution of social, economic and...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2016
Level City or Town, County
State(s) All States
Source ChangeLab Solutions
Policy Areas Health, Food
In many places, residents lack access to fruits and vegetables, but can easily find tobacco and alcohol. This playbook presents 15 strategies to achieve a healthy retail environment—one where it is easier to make healthy choices than unhealthy ones. In particular, these strategies...

Type Fact Sheet or Infographic
Year 2009
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Health, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance, Food, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Education, Community Development, Public Spaces, Transportation & Mobility
Many schools are surrounded by fast food restaurants, which provide students with easy access to unhealthy foods and undermine schools' efforts to offer nutritious meals. Prohibiting fast food restaurants from locating near schools is one strategy to help reduce childhood obesity...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2012
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Health, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance, Food, Economic Justice, Civil Rights
For millions of Americans, accessing healthy food is no easy matter. In low-income communities, liquor stores and gas stations proliferate, while farmers' markets are hard to find. Nationally, 11.5 million low-income people live in low-income areas where the nearest supermarket is...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2010
Level County
State(s) All States
Source Mayors Innovation Project
Policy Areas Health, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance, Food, Environment & Natural Resources, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Education, Community Development, Public Spaces, Transportation & Mobility
Farmers markets are experiencing a resurgence, increasingly recognized as important hubs for local food systems in the United States. In the last 15 years, the number of farmers markets in the United States has increased from 1,755 to 5,274; however, low-income communities have not...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2008
Level County, City or Town
State(s) All States
Source Project for Public Spaces
Policy Areas Health, Children & Families, Democracy & Governance, Food, Economic Justice, Civil Rights
As has been widely reported, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of farmers markets in the United States in the last ten years from some 1,755 markets in 1994 to 4,385 in 2006. Over three million consumers shop weekly at these markets, where an estimated 30,000 small...

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