University of Wisconsin–Madison

ProGov21 Policy Library

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Year
Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2018
Level City or Town
State(s) All States
Source SPARCC
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Environment & Natural Resources, Housing, Public Safety, Health, Transportation & Mobility
This publication by SPARCC offers a definition of equitable Transit-Oriented Development (eTOD) and spotlights work underway in various US cities. Successful eTOD requires planning not just for transit but coordinating how this type of investment will advance larger community needs...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2017
Level City or Town
State(s) All States
Source Transit Center
Policy Areas Transportation & Mobility, Data & Technology
Transit can be especially important for older individuals, who “age out” of driving as their mobility, vision, and hearing decline. However, public transit can be difficult for older people to navigate, and is unreliable or insufficient for many trips in most U.S. cities. To address...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2012
Level City or Town, County, Other Boards and Agencies
State(s) Illinois
Source Center for Neighborhood Technology
Policy Areas Transportation & Mobility, Community Development, Economic Justice
The movement of jobs away from historic transportation hubs has made highways the best, in some cases the only, way for employees to get to work. Over the last decade, the number of jobs within a 10-minute walk of rail stations dropped. Between 2002 and 2008, the seven-county region...

Type Ordinance
Year 2011
Level City or Town
State(s) Texas
Source City Of Houston
Policy Areas Environment & Natural Resources, Community Development, Public Spaces, Energy, Transportation & Mobility
In December of 2010, the Washington Avenue Corridor was designated as a pilot parking benefit district by the passage of Ordinance No. 2012. Following the end of the pilot period, the ARA and the Committee have made recommendations regarding the modification of the parking benefit...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2020
Level City or Town
State(s) All States
Source Transit Center
Policy Areas Transportation & Mobility, Finance & Procurement
Microtransit involves running on-demand services with smaller vehicles that people can summon without walking to a fixed location like a bus stop. This brief argues that microtransit is incapable of serving the same scale of ridership as fixed-route buses and trains. Microtransit...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2021
Level City or Town
State(s) All States, California, Oregon
Source Transit Center
Policy Areas Civil Rights, Public Safety, Transportation & Mobility
Incidents of harassment, crime, and violence on or near mass transit compromise riders’ safety, degrade their experience, and reduce utilization. Historically, transit agencies have sought to use a police presence to create a sense of safety and security. While police help reduce...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2019
Level City or Town
State(s) Arizona, California, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Oregon, Washington
Source Center for Neighborhood Technology
Policy Areas Community Development, Housing, Transportation & Mobility
This study compares the performance of residential and commercial property sales near fixed-guideway stations with areas without public transit access between 2012 and 2016 in seven regions: Boston; Eugene, Oregon; Hartford, Connecticut; Los Angeles; Minneapolis–St. Paul; Phoenix;...

Type Ordinance
Year 2010
Level City or Town
State(s) Texas
Source El Paso City Council
Policy Areas Housing, Public Safety, Transportation & Mobility
The ordinance requires the operator of a motor vehicle to create a safe environment for a Vulnerable Road User, including pedestrians, a person on horseback, and persons operating equipment other than a motor vehicle, by giving them space on the road and yielding the right of way....

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2018
Level City or Town
State(s) All States
Source Transit Center
Policy Areas Transportation & Mobility, Children & Families
Having children is often associated with increases in car use, due to barriers preventing families from relying on transit. For example, anti-stroller policies signal that families aren’t welcome on buses, while riding transit can be more expensive than driving, without youth fares...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2016
Level City or Town
State(s) All States
Source National Association of City Transportation Officials
Policy Areas Community Development, Public Spaces, Transportation & Mobility
In cities that are building protected bike lane networks, cycling is increasing and the risk of injury or death is decreasing. Pairing appropriately-scaled bike share with protected bike lanes increases ridership and is essential to equity and mobility efforts....

Type Ordinance
Year 2011
Level City or Town
State(s) Texas
Source City Of Austin
Policy Areas Environment & Natural Resources, Community Development, Public Spaces, Energy, Transportation & Mobility, Finance & Procurement
This ordinance establishes a parking benefit district program. A parking benefit district is an area in which a percentage of the funds collected from a paid parking space within district is used to fund improvements that promote walking, cycling, and public transit within the district....

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2016
Level City or Town
State(s) New York
Source Transit Center
Policy Areas Transportation & Mobility
Bus ridership in New York City is rapidly declining. In order to attract riders, buses must become faster, more reliable, and more attractive as a transit option. This report lays out best practices to improve New York’s ailing bus system. Strategies focus on redesigning the bus network...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2009
Level City or Town
State(s) All States
Source Center for Transit-Oriented Development
Policy Areas Community Development, Transportation & Mobility
This paper assesses the importance of linking major destinations with transit service and the accuracy of the predictive models used to make funding decisions in recently opened transit lines. Decision makers at all levels of government pay close attention to the effectiveness of...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2017
Level City or Town
State(s) New York
Source Transit Center
Policy Areas Transportation & Mobility
Thousands of New Yorkers require elevators to access the subway every day: people with disabilities, parents pushing strollers, travelers carrying luggage, and residents suffering from an injury. However, only 23% of the city’s subway stations have elevators. These elevators break...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2012
Level City or Town, County
State(s) All States
Source New York City Council
Policy Areas Environment & Natural Resources, Community Development, Public Spaces, Transportation & Mobility
This workbook is a starting point for local leaders to begin mapping out a complete streets policy to foster safe and accessible roads for all road users in a community, including drivers, cyclists, pedestrians and other motorists. The workbook emphasizes the need for local leaders...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2016
Level City or Town
State(s) All States
Source New Cities Foundation
Policy Areas Environment & Natural Resources, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Democracy & Governance, Transportation & Mobility
In early 2015, New Cities Foundation launched the Financing Urban Infrastructure Initiative to address critical infrastructure financing issues and challenges facing cities today. This handbook is the culmination of that initiative....

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2019
Level City or Town, County, National
State(s) All States
Source Center for Transportation Studies
Policy Areas Transportation & Mobility
Transportation accessibility, or the ease and feasibility of reaching destinations, can be measured for a wide array of transportation modes, to different types of destinations, and at different times of the day. However, the most transparent and directly comparable metric is the...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2016
Level City or Town
State(s) California
Source Los Angeles Department of Public Health
Policy Areas Housing, Health, Transportation & Mobility
Initiative Ordinance JJJ (Measure JJJ) is a ballot initiative with two provisions intended to increase the production of affordable housing in the City of Los Angeles: the “Transit-Oriented Communities Affordable Housing Overlay” provision which would allow housing developers to build...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2021
Level City or Town
State(s) All States
Source Transit Center
Policy Areas Transportation & Mobility
This report addresses how current transit practices can marginalize groups of people. For example, fare structures make transit unaffordable to people with low incomes, policing brutalizes and discriminates against Black and brown riders, infrastructure is inaccessible to people with...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2021
Level City or Town
State(s) All States
Source Transit Center
Policy Areas Transportation & Mobility, Data & Technology
Public transit agencies nationwide are offering new payment options, but many of these methods have the potential to significantly increase the personal data collected by transit agencies and their private subcontractors. Once collected, the data can be accessed by other government...

Type Ordinance
Year 2009
Level City or Town
State(s) Minnesota
Source Defending RIghts and Dissent
Policy Areas Environment & Natural Resources, Energy, Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Transportation & Mobility
This ordinance creates a Transportation Demand Management program that promotes efficient utilization of existing transportation facilities, reduces traffic congestion and mobile source pollution, and ensures that new developments are designed in ways to maximize the potential for...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2019
Level City or Town
State(s) All States
Source Transit Center
Policy Areas Transportation & Mobility
By setting goals for fare policy, transit agencies can ensure that their fare pricing and enforcement strategies are consistent with their mission of providing good, affordable service to the public. This report outlines a balanced, goal-driven approach to fare policy: discounts for...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2020
Level City or Town
State(s) All States
Source Transit Center
Policy Areas Public Safety, Transportation & Mobility
Many transit agencies apply an overly punitive approach to minor transgressions. For example, this report argues that current methods of fare enforcement are too harsh. Fare evasion should be decriminalized, and the penalties should be made proportional to the severity of offense....

Type Fact Sheet or Infographic
Year 2009
Level City or Town
State(s) Ohio
Source Policy Matters Ohio
Policy Areas Transportation & Mobility, Energy
Public transportation is more energy-efficient than passenger vehicles, spurs economic development, helps grow employment, and reduces congestion. However, the state of public transit in Ohio is lacking as funding has declined significantly over time. The state needs to add funding...

Type Policy Brief or Report
Year 2007
Level City or Town
State(s) Washington
Source San Francisco Board Of Supervisors
Policy Areas Economic Justice, Civil Rights, Environment & Natural Resources, Energy, Transportation & Mobility
The Seattle Bicycle Master Plan defines a set of actions, to be completed within 10 years, to make Seattle the best community for bicycling in the United States. By increasing support for bicycling, the city will make its transportation system more environmentally, economically, and...

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