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This policy brief examines the effects of Denver's 2011 Initiative 300 which enables employees to acquire sick time hours depending on the size of their business and how many hours they work. This brief examines the experiences of San Francisco and Washington D.C. in implementing paid sick leave policies. The brief analyzes the issue from public health and economic perspectives. The brief concludes that the direct costs to businesses of a paid-sick-leave law are relatively small and are mitigated in whole or in part by indirect savings due to increased worker productivity and lower employee turnover. In addition, the brief finds that paid sick leave results in improved public health and reduced overall costs to the health care system.
This ordinance requires all employers to provide a minimum of one hour of paid sick leave for every 30 hours worked by an employee; provides that employers are not required to provide more than 72 hours of sick leave for an employee in a calendar year and employees of small businesses will not accrue more than 40 hours of paid sick leave in a calendar year, unless the employer selects a higher limit.
Legislative findings in support of the Healthy Food Zone Model Ordinance
This report examines the state of technology for electric trucks and buses, their life cycle emissions, and job opportunities presented by an expanding market for electric heavy-duty vehicles. While clean air and climate policies across the country have sparked sales of passenger electric vehicles, deployment of similar technologies for heavy-duty trucks and buses has been slower. California is shifting this balance, with policies and investments to bring electric trucks and buses to market. With recent innovation, these vehicles can meet the requirements of many demanding applications. And with the right job-training and equitable hiring policies and programs, California’s emerging electric truck and bus sector can provide opportunities to increase employment in underserved communities. Pollutants from heavy-duty vehicles pose health risks at all stages of life, from premature births to premature deaths. Studies have associated air pollution with adverse effects on nearly every organ system in the body. While air pollution affects us all, low-income communities and communities of color are more likely to be located near ports, rail yards, ware- houses, and busy roads, where they suffer disproportionally from the consequences of dirty air. These localized inequities are particularly important because mitigation strategies to reduce regional air pollution may not address disproportion- ate exposure to pollutants at the local level.
This report contains hundreds of specific policy reforms spanning eight broad areas of local government policy and responsibility: economic development and job creation; infrastructure; municipal revenue; job standards; housing; education; health; and civil rights. In each area, the report first describes the importance of taking action on it and the general goals of progressive policy. Second, the report describes key proven strategies for reaching those goals and identifies several specific steps that cities can take toward their effective implementation within those strategies, citing specific examples in each case.
This local law prohibits discrimination in employment based on pregnancy, childbirth, or a related medical condition. This local law makes it an unlawful discriminatory practice for an employer to refuse to provide a reasonable accommodation to the needs of an employee for her pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical condition that will allow the employee to perform the essential requisites of the job, provided that such employee's pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical condition is known or should have been known by the employer.
With the change in presidential administrations, the EPA's Clean Power Plan is in jeopardy, but a number of states have promoted and will continue to promote clean energy adoption. Federal regulations may change, but it is clear that with the price of solar and wind dropping, clean energy generation is the future of electricity. Carbon pricing is one major set of market mechanisms that states can use to promote the advancement of clean energy adoption. Whether a state or region chooses to implement a cap-and-trade, carbon tax, or some other mechanism, it is critical that issues of equity and justice for the communities most impacted by poverty and pollution are addressed in the policy design and implementation. This legislator toolkit provides guidance on how to support disadvantaged communities and displaced workers should a state choose to use carbon pricing as part of its plan to transition to a clean energy economy.
This ordinance allows San Francisco-based employees to request flexible or predictable working arrangements to assist with care giving responsibilities, subject to the employer's right to deny a request based on business reasons; prohibits adverse employment actions based on caregiver status; prohibits retaliation against employees for exercising rights under the Ordinance; requires employers to inform employees of their rights and maintain records regarding compliance with the ordinance; authorizes enforcement by the Office of Labor Standards Enforcement; and authorizes waiver of the ordinance under a collective bargaining agreement.
This ordinance amends trash collection in Los Angeles by creating 11 exclusive franchise zones and requiring bidding haulers to abide by environmental, worker, and service standards: haulers must provide recycling services, use clean-burning vehicles, have waste processing facilities certified every 5 years, comply with existing city living wage and responsible contractor provisions, demonstrate labor peace, and protect whistleblowers. The ordinance further commits the city to diverting from landfills 90% of the solid waste generated in the city by 2025 and becoming a zero waste city by 2030.