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This model act allows a city or county to conduct a local election using ranked choice voting in which voters rank the candidates for office in order of preference. Ranked choice voting elections may be used for single-winner elections, such as Mayor, or for elections that elect multiple candidates to office, such as city council. This model act authorizes ranked choice voting methods to be adopted by ballot measure, initiative ordinance, or charter amendment.
Highlights from two recent studies suggest that ranked choice voting (RCV) has been embraced by voters and candidates alike, who see it as a means of reducing divisive politics and fostering more positive, inclusive, and informative campaigns. One key finding: Candidates who participated in RCV elections were significantly less likely to claim that they had been portrayed or described negatively by their opponents, or to admit that they had portrayed an opponent negatively.
Under RCV, representation of people of color has increased. The multi-ethnic districts becomes more diverse.
This report evaluates the use of Ranked Choice Voting in California. It finds that Ranked Choice Voting is accelerating in adoption and use. Fewer voters skipped the RCV races than before. Rankings are effectively used in election.
This fact sheet explains single winner ranked choice voting.
This report explains that ranked choice voting. RCV allows voters to rank candidates in order of choice. It makes winners need a broader support. Candidates are incentivized to work together.
The mayor and members of the city council should be elected by ranked choice voting.
This report analyzes Santa Clara's proposed ranked-choice election system for two districts compared with six-winner citywide RCV elections. It shows that cross-racial coalitions may be fostered by RCV which encourages collaborative campaigning.
The model law contains a raked choice voting ballot, includes tabulation, explains the offices, and covers rulemaking authority.