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Parking policies are an integral part of implementing equitable transit-oriented development (eTOD). Policies such as “free parking” (which increases housing and consumer costs), zoning and land use regulations that require an overabundancce of parking, and the application of suburban parking models to dense urban environments can have negative impacts on low-income communities. This report explores alternative parking strategies that can advance eTOD and provides examples of cases where parking reform has been implemented.
Viewing transit-oriented development (TOD) through an equity lens through every step along the process is essential. eTOD elevates and prioritizes community voice whether in efforts to avoid or stop displacement of community residents, local businesses, and culture or to ensure that transit is affordable, reliable and accessible. It supports investments and policies that close the socioeconomic gaps between communities in which the majority of residents are people of color and those that are majority white.
Renters are often first and worst hit as housing prices rise, displacement and natural disasters worsen and affordable places to live become scarce. In response to these challenges, cities and advocates are accelerating implementation of tenant and renter protections: policies that legally protect renters and tenants from unlawful eviction, mistreatment, uninhabitable homes, and skyrocketing rents to provide a level of housing security. This report provides a range of strategies that can be implemented across the country to enhance protection for renters.
The built environment, climate change, and public health are closely connected; human-generated greenhouse gases derive from aspects of the built environment such as transportation systems and infrastructure, building construction and operation, and land-use planning. Transportation affects human health directly through air pollution and subsequent respiratory effects, as well as indirectly through physical activity behavior. Buildings contribute to climate change, influence transportation, and affect health through the materials utilized, decisions about sites, electricity and water usage, and landscape surroundings. Land use, forestry, and agriculture also contribute to climate change and affect health by increasing atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide, shaping the infrastructures for both transportation and buildings, and affecting access to green spaces. Working across sectors to incorporate a health promotion approach in the design and development of built environment components may mitigate climate change, promote adaptation, and improve public health.
This report highlights the midpoint conclusions from the SPARCC organization’s approach to regional development through context, opportunity, and outcomes. The hypothesis and means by which SPARCC operated examined equitable development through integrated “lenses”, equitable outcomes based on community power and vision, cross-sector leadership at regional levels to inspire change, and flexible financing. The report looks at their outcomes as of early 2019 on the pathway to the organization completing these goals and studies within their six regions.
This report offers a set of lessons learned and specific strategies that public agencies and others can deploy to support local organizations and engage traditionally underrepresented community members as partners to shape community development policies, plans, and investments. Adoption of community engagement policies and blueprints created in partnership with the community demonstrate commitment to upholding community insights, valuing local knowledge, and building lasting community leadership. This outlines that community engagement is a spectrum from informing and consulting to collaboration and empowering, with the latter two being the goal of any community-based engagement. By working within the community, committing resources, and respecting local knowledge and community expertise, equitable engagement practices leading to better outcomes.
This document looks through polling data ranging from the perception of the poor to public funds used for economic opportunity to the promotion of equity. The data collected and reported on in this document highlight the overwhelming support in public opinion for financing equity-driven policy and support for fighting inequality and promoting community equity. The approval to use public funds to address the issues facing communities is high with issues such as improving the economy, creating opportunities, dealing with climate change, improving health outcomes, and promoting racial equity all being very or somewhat important to an overwhelming majority surveyed. The document details how various communities within the SPARCC network are working to address the issues detailed, such as greater infrastructure investment and promoting low-income residents and people of color’s power and influence.
This publication by SPARCC offers a definition of equitable Transit-Oriented Development (eTOD) and spotlights work underway in various US cities. Successful eTOD requires planning not just for transit but coordinating how this type of investment will advance larger community needs such as affordable housing, workforce, and small business development, improved community health outcomes, and environmental clean-up. Achieving equitable outcomes involves an inclusive planning process during the transit planning and community development phases. The report cites that the compounding benefits of TOD make it a smart investment for individuals, institutions, and investors as it continues to gain market traction.
The main talking points include why this is the prime time for a conversation around displacement, how we should be talking about displacement, and- perhaps most importantly- how we shouldn’t be talking about displacement and gentrification. The report urges the building of public will as opposed to just working on building political will for the issues of gentrification and displacement. To advance policies that will support the issues there needs to be an effort to navigate and combat the dominant narratives. The goals stated in this report surround the need to build up a long-term plan to combat displacement and gentrification by changing the dialogue of the issue, centering it through a lens of equity, and addressing affordable housing shortages.