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Research shows that transgender people in the United States face persistent and pervasive discrimination and violence. LGBT people in the United States are particularly susceptible to violence and discrimination by law enforcement. This fact sheet includes statistics and data to support these claims.
Extensive research has shown that LGBTQ people in the United States experience poverty at higher rates compared to cisgender heterosexual people. Among LGBTQ adults, transgender people and cisgender bisexual women experience the highest rates of economic insecurity. Through interviews with low-income LGBTQ persons, this report documents their experiences with poverty, including factors leading to and maintaining economic insecurity within the LGBTQ community, such as childhood poverty, mental health issues, substance abuse issues, anti-LGBT bias within families and employment settings, and more. The findings outlined in this report have implications for anti-poverty advocates, because systemic oppression and interpersonal stigma on the basis of gender identity and sexual orientation affect many people’s economic stability.
Compared to non-LGBT people, LGBT people appear to be more likely to face housing unaffordability, experience homelessness, and be renters (rather than homeowners). LGBT people face an array of stigma and discrimination across their life course that undermines their ability to have stable, safe, and affordable housing. Despite evidence of widespread discrimination and its harms, federal, state, and local law provide minimal protections against anti-LGBT discrimination in housing, lending, and social services—leaving the majority of LGBT people without clear legal recourse when they face bias because of their sexual orientation or gender identity. In response, this report provides policy recommendations to address the variety of challenges that the LGBTQ community faces regarding housing.
This report describes characteristics of LGBT adults in California in relation to their vulnerability to economic harm from the COVID-19 pandemic. Key findings of the report show that about 612,000 LGBT Californians were living below 200% of the federal poverty level prior to the pandemic; among these people, poverty was especially concentrated among young people and people of color. In addition, many LGBT Californians rent their homes, have experienced food insecurity, and are employed in industries that have been heavily impacted by the pandemic. Thus, efforts to monitor the economic impact of COVID-19 on Californians must include a focus on vulnerable populations, including LGBT adults.
LGBTQ people in the United States report high rates of food insecurity. Through questionnaire data and in-depth interviews with low-income LGBTQ people, this report documents their experiences with food insecurity, the challenges they face when accessing and using programs designed to alleviate food insecurity, and how their experiences with food insecurity differ across key demographic groups within the LGBTQ community.
The U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark decision in Bostock v. Clayton County affirmed that Title VII protects employees nationwide from discrimination based on their sexual orientation and gender identity. Courts have often looked to Title VII case law when interpreting analogous provisions in other federal and state laws. This report provides an overview of state sex non-discrimination laws that could be interpreted by courts and executive branch agencies to prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity consistent with the Court’s decision in Bostock, with a focus on the states without statutes that expressly bar discrimination based on these characteristics. It also provides estimates of the number of LGBT people in each state who stand to gain protections under these laws.
Incarceration puts both incarcerated people and corrections staff at risk of contracting COVID-19. A wide array of criminal justice stakeholders have come together to call for a public health-oriented approach to the COVID-19 crisis. The key recommendations include releasing incarcerated individuals, limiting new additions to closed correctional settings, addressing violations of COVID-19 related orders through a public health approach (rather than with criminalization), connecting public health organizations and criminal justice stakeholders, and utilizing innovations that promote integration of public health priorities into the justice system.
In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, inequities in access to food across the United States are especially apparent. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people are among the many subgroups of Americans known to experience especially high rates of food insecurity. This infographic provides data on the distribution of food insecurity across different subgroups of the LGBT community; the economic vulnerabilities outlined in the data are at risk of exacerbation during the COVID-19 outbreak.