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This article outlines a piece of model legislation, known as the Public Participation Act that would afford citizens and group a uniform standard of protection against SLAPPs enacted at the federal level. SLAPPs (Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation) are meritless lawsuits used by opponents of citizens and groups who speak out on issues as a means to stifle that party's ability to speak publicly. This model bill extends a federal right to absolute immunity for those who petition the government against any civil claim. It also provides uniform procedural protections against SLAPPs including the ability of the defendant: to remove the case to Federal court, to move for early dismissal of a frivolous suit of a protected activity, and if dismissed, to recover the fees, costs, and damages incurred in defending against the SLAPP. For the plaintiff, these costs would be non-tax-deductible and non-dischargeable in bankruptcy. In addition, this article provides some context for the emerging, speech-stifling SLAPP lawsuit phenomenon.
This ordinance of the Council amends, modifies, and re-enacts Article 99 of the Codified Ordinances of the City of Huntington, as Revised, Concerning People's Bill of Rights, codifying: rights related to bearing arms, free speech, due process, and privacy; and the prohibition of unconstitutional profiling or searches.
This ordinance prohibits any person, group of persons and/or association from engaging in picketing focused on and taking place in front of or next to a particular residence, without the express prior consent of the occupant(s). The intention of the ordinance is to protect physicians who provide reproductive health services from harassment in their homes.
This model ordinance declares the covered jurisdiction to be a drone-free zone. The ordinance provides penalties for violating the drone-free zone and states that no evidence acquired by the violation of the ordinance may be used in a criminal prosecution. The ordinance prohibits a city official from purchasing, leasing, borrowing, or using a drone.
This model ordinance restricts the use of drones in the enacting jurisdiction's airspace. The ordinance allows drone use for activities other than law-enforcement activities such as rescue missions, fire response, hazardous material spills, and natural disaster response. The ordinance defines specific situations where drones may be used by a law enforcement agency. It also provides for specific circumstances where an individual may use a drone if he or she receives a license issued by the jurisdiction's government body. The ordinance regulates aerial surveillance and the use of evidence obtained by drones. In addition, it includes penalties for violating the ordinance.
This ordinance adds three protected classes (gender identity, genetic identity, citizenship status) and expands three protected classes (family status, social security and domestic partners). This means that Madison residents are entitled to equal opportunities in employment, housing, public accommodations and city facilities without being discriminated against based on membership in any of these classes. These are in addition to already established protected classes in Madison such as age, race, color, sex, religion, sexual orientation, etc. In addition this ordinance protects credit history under employment.
This ordinance ensures that each resident receives full benefits of citizenship and equal employment opportunities regardless of a person's perceived or actual race, color, sex, religion, ancestry, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, familial status, family responsibility, marital status, age, disability or handicap, use of service animals and/or mechanical aids.
The ordinance prohibits an individual or an entity from refusing sale, lease, and/or transfer, or to attempt eviction, of property to individual on the basis of race, national origin, sex and/or gender, including gender identity, religion, age and/or sexual orientation. The ordinance requires the City Council to appoint a member of the City Council as a complaint intake officer and establishes formatting and processing requirements for complaints. The ordinance requires a hearing if a violation is likely to have occurred and establishes hearing procedures. The ordinance establishes civil penalties for violations.
The ordinance prohibits an employer from refusing to hire, terminating, or discriminating against any individual on the basis of race, national origin, sex and/or gender, including gender identity, religion, age and/or sexual orientation. The ordinance requires the City Council to appoint a member of the City Council as a complaint intake officer and establishes formatting and processing requirements for complaints. The ordinance requires a hearing if a violation is likely to have occurred and establishes hearing procedures. The ordinance establishes civil penalties for violations.
This model ordinance will ensure the protection of civil rights and liberties through several provisions. It places limits on intelligence collection and surveillance activities and restricts the use of profiling based on a person's race, religion, country of origin, and gender. It requires transparency in the data collection methods of law enforcement and prohibits local officials from enforcing federal immigration programs. In addition, it provides for civil action if a person is subjected to law enforcement activities that are not in accordance with the ordinance.