To search for model legislation, research, reports, and more, type your area of interest into the search bar above. You can filter your search by state, level of government, document type, and policy area to match the info you need to your unique community’s progressive goals.
Research shows that transgender people in the United States face persistent and pervasive discrimination and violence. LGBT people in the United States are particularly susceptible to violence and discrimination by law enforcement. This fact sheet includes statistics and data to support these claims.
Extensive research has shown that LGBTQ people in the United States experience poverty at higher rates compared to cisgender heterosexual people. Among LGBTQ adults, transgender people and cisgender bisexual women experience the highest rates of economic insecurity. Through interviews with low-income LGBTQ persons, this report documents their experiences with poverty, including factors leading to and maintaining economic insecurity within the LGBTQ community, such as childhood poverty, mental health issues, substance abuse issues, anti-LGBT bias within families and employment settings, and more. The findings outlined in this report have implications for anti-poverty advocates, because systemic oppression and interpersonal stigma on the basis of gender identity and sexual orientation affect many people’s economic stability.
Compared to non-LGBT people, LGBT people appear to be more likely to face housing unaffordability, experience homelessness, and be renters (rather than homeowners). LGBT people face an array of stigma and discrimination across their life course that undermines their ability to have stable, safe, and affordable housing. Despite evidence of widespread discrimination and its harms, federal, state, and local law provide minimal protections against anti-LGBT discrimination in housing, lending, and social services—leaving the majority of LGBT people without clear legal recourse when they face bias because of their sexual orientation or gender identity. In response, this report provides policy recommendations to address the variety of challenges that the LGBTQ community faces regarding housing.
This report describes characteristics of LGBT adults in California in relation to their vulnerability to economic harm from the COVID-19 pandemic. Key findings of the report show that about 612,000 LGBT Californians were living below 200% of the federal poverty level prior to the pandemic; among these people, poverty was especially concentrated among young people and people of color. In addition, many LGBT Californians rent their homes, have experienced food insecurity, and are employed in industries that have been heavily impacted by the pandemic. Thus, efforts to monitor the economic impact of COVID-19 on Californians must include a focus on vulnerable populations, including LGBT adults.
In additional to all the steps parents must take to help ensure that their children have what they need to develop into healthy adults, parents raising transgender and gender-expansive children must take additional steps to to prepare their child and family to cope with the possibility of negative reactions, such as child abuse allegations. This guide introduces several concrete preventative steps families can take to be prepared in the event that they are contacted by child protective services, such as keeping a gender journal, consulting competent healthcare professionals, building relationships within one’s community, and reaching out for help.
LGBTQ people in the United States report high rates of food insecurity. Through questionnaire data and in-depth interviews with low-income LGBTQ people, this report documents their experiences with food insecurity, the challenges they face when accessing and using programs designed to alleviate food insecurity, and how their experiences with food insecurity differ across key demographic groups within the LGBTQ community.
The U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark decision in Bostock v. Clayton County affirmed that Title VII protects employees nationwide from discrimination based on their sexual orientation and gender identity. Courts have often looked to Title VII case law when interpreting analogous provisions in other federal and state laws. This report provides an overview of state sex non-discrimination laws that could be interpreted by courts and executive branch agencies to prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity consistent with the Court’s decision in Bostock, with a focus on the states without statutes that expressly bar discrimination based on these characteristics. It also provides estimates of the number of LGBT people in each state who stand to gain protections under these laws.
Among a transgender population that is already marginalized, transgender immigrants face even higher risks of discrimination and violence in employment, housing, health care, when seeking services, and even in their own home. Trans immigrants often have limited support systems, and find themselves shut out of jobs or education that could provide them with better opportunities. They are commonly denied the right to seek asylum or to be sponsored for lawful permanent residence by a partner. When placed in immigration detention, they frequently faced inhumane and dangerous conditions. This report describes these challenges in greater detail to aid advocacy organizations and policy makers in considering trans immigrants’ rights in their work toward Comprehensive Immigration Reform.
Over the years, more and more cities and states have extended essential protections to LGBT people via non-discrimination laws. In response, anti-LGBT activists have attacked these laws by attempting to incite “bathroom panic”—an irrational fear that non-discrimination laws will compromise the safety of women and children in public restrooms. Because these claims can confuse those who favor non-discrimination protections, this guide provides ways in which individuals can remind people of the values that lead them to support non-discrimination laws and ways that they cannot correct these falsehoods quickly and factually.
Transgender people overall experience high levels of discrimination in every area of life, as well as high levels of poverty, unemployment, homelessness, negative interactions with police, incarceration, and violent victimization. As a result, many transgender people participate in the sex trade in order to earn income or as an alternative to relying on homeless shelters and food banks. The criminalizing and stigmatizing of sex work in the United States can worsen the discrimination and marginalization that transgender people already face in society. This report analyzes data to support these claims, and provides recommendations for what policy makers, legislators, and the community can do to help.