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This report discusses the progress of the Utility Pre-Craft Trainee (UPCT) program since its launch in 2011. The UPCT program, jointly operated by the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) and the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW) Local 18, is an earn-and-learn, pre-apprenticeship training program in which entry-level trainees work full time weatherizing homes and small businesses while learning skills and preparing for civil service exams and career opportunities in the utility. Trainees receive $16 per hour plus health and retirement benefits, considerably better compensation than most entry-level workers earn for weatherization work, and are union members represented by IBEW Local 18. In addition to classroom training, trainees receive on-the-job training to install energy efficiency measures for LADWP’s Home Energy Improvement Program1 and Small Business Direct Install program,2 as well as solar installations on properties owned by LADWP. Trainees also rotate through the water, power, and support services sides of the utility to gain broad exposure and try out different types of work before selecting a career path.
This report provides a quantitative assessment of the economic impact in the Inland Empire counties of four import climate change policies in the state: cap and trade, the renewables portfolio standards, distributed solar programs, and investor-owned utility. They find these programs have had a net positive impact for these counties.
This paper offers background on the development of Los Angeles’s Utility Pre-Craft Trainee (UPCT) program, and highlights the features of the program that make it a best practice model for workforce training for entry-level workers. First, we provide an overview of the statewide and local policy landscape regarding energy and jobs that led to the development of the UPCT program. This is followed by a description of the basic structure and mechanics of the program, including the multiple partnerships that have been developed in its implementation. Next, we take a look at the benefits of the program from the perspective of stakeholders. We conclude with a discussion of the lessons learned from UPCT for other utilities or unions interested in implementing similar workforce programs.
The Construction Careers and Project Stabilization Policy, which defines a local hiring program and project labor agreement terms that would be applied to all Board-approved projects that meet certain thresholds. The key goals of the Policy are to ensure that (1) CRA/LA-created job opportunities benefit local residents, particularly those living in or adjacent to CRA/LA project areas; (2) residents with barriers to employment have access to job opportunities; and (3) new entrants to the construction field have access to training and support to advance their careers. Covered Projects would include Public Improvement contracts of $500,000 or more; construction projects on CRA/LA-owned land; and development projects in which the CRA/LA has invested $1,000,000 or more. Covered Development Projects with fewer than 75 units of housing and less than 50,000 square feet of nonresidential floor area would be exempted. The local hiring program will require that developers and contractors take specific enumerated steps to ensure that 30% of all project work hours and 50% of apprentice work hours go to Community Area Residents and Local Residents (defined in the Policy), and 10% of all construction work hours go to Local Low-Income Residents (defined in the Policy). The 10% and 50% may be applied towards the 30% requirement.
This report evaluates the impact and job quality of the green jobs created in the construction industry as a result of California's commitment in increasing the State's usage of renewable energy.
This report evaluates the degree to which underrepresented and disadvantaged workers have gained access to career-track jobs in the construction of renewable energy power plants through California's energy programs.