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Bicycling is on the rise across the U.S. Adults are capitalizing on the health and economic benefits of active transportation, while an increasing number of young people are forgoing drivers' licenses to save money and embrace more walkable, bikeable lifestyles. The new majority that elected a president - youth, women and people of color - is playing a key role in pedaling the country toward a more Bicycle Friendly America. These diverse communities are embracing bicycling at a high rate, redefining the face and trajectory of the bicycle movement and the way the nation addresses transportation. An increasingly powerful and growing constituency, previously underrepresented groups are cultivating new campaigns and bike cultures that address the needs, serve the safety and improve the health of all residents who ride - or want to ride. These new riders, leaders and organizations are making biking accessible and inviting to all Americans - while making the case for a safer and more equitable transportation system in communities nationwide.
Transportation is the linchpin that allows us to function in our daily lives. Whether we move by foot, bicycle, car, bus, skateboard, or wheelchair, we all need to travel to meet everyday needs. We use transportation to buy food, find housing, get to school and work, access recreational opportunities, visit friends and family, and obtain health care and government services - as well as get to literally everything else we do outside our homes. But our society suffers from considerable inequity, and transportation is no exception. Low-income people and people of color in the United States face transportation hurdles that can mean that just accessing basic needs is time consuming, dangerous, and sometimes almost impossible. Instead of travel time allowing people to safely and conveniently get the physical activity they need while accomplishing daily objectives, travel is instead a source of stress that undermines health. Without safe and convenient transportation, low-income families can remain trapped in poverty, unable to access the employment and educational opportunities necessary to succeed. Healthy food, safe playgrounds, high-quality schools, health care, and other services - our transportation system allows some to access these with ease, but creates significant impediments for others.
Diversity created the city. But diversity has never been easy. American urbanism has been a process through which communities-diverse in ideology, in interest, in income, in ethnic background and in racial identification-have negotiated space. Some of this evolution has been brutal. Today's cities are, among other things, the result of generations of racism and classism and struggles in the face of those discriminations. As decades and centuries have gone by, racial boundaries in the United States have shifted; discrimination has remained. Transportation has been near the heart of that struggle from the start. From housing choice to bus frequency to freeway routing to sidewalk quality, cities have often failed to equitably distribute the costs and benefits of mobility. Today, U.S. cities are using a new tool to help make bike transportation a mainstream part of urban American life: protected bike lanes. As this investment has taken place, city leaders and community activists have asked us for advice on how to make sure their decisions about this infrastructure don't continue the cycle of oppression.
In cities that are building protected bike lane networks, cycling is increasing and the risk of injury or death is decreasing. Pairing appropriately-scaled bike share with protected bike lanes increases ridership and is essential to equity and mobility efforts.
This ordinance establishes a parking benefit district program. A parking benefit district is an area in which a percentage of the funds collected from a paid parking space within district is used to fund improvements that promote walking, cycling, and public transit within the district. This ordinance outlines the requirements for a parking benefit district, as well as the application process.
The Minneapolis Bicycle Advisory Committee (BAC) approved a Work Plan for Equity, Education and Encouragement that is included in the Appendix. In particular, BAC will work with staff and partners to increase awareness of equity issues related to bicycling, increase the reach of bicycle education both internally and externally to increase safety, comfort, and encourage more trips by bicycle, and encourage more trips by bicycle.
In December of 2010, the Washington Avenue Corridor was designated as a pilot parking benefit district by the passage of Ordinance No. 2012. Following the end of the pilot period, the ARA and the Committee have made recommendations regarding the modification of the parking benefit district, as outlined in this ordinance. As stated in the ordinance, all fees and revenues generated from the use of parking meters in a parking benefit district shall be allocated to the parking benefit district, all the total combined fees and revenue of a parking benefit district shall be first expended to defray the total administrative costs, signage, enforcement, etc, sixty percent of fees and revenues in excess of the total administrative costs shall be applied to the projects recommended by the advisory committee, and more.
This document establishes vehicular and bicycle off-street parking standards. in a manner consistent with the regulating plan of this Form Based Code. This code focuses heavily on incremental infill development, which will enable applicants and the City to strategically accommodate parking needs while not comprising the urban form desired within downtown Muskegon.