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Clean energy policies can create jobs, support local business in green markets, and ensure residents have access to jobs created. This brief helps guide you on how to make the most of green investments. After reviewing the City of Oberlin’s energy use and emissions, several policy options and best practices were identified for five energy-using and emission-producing sectors: (1) upgrading the electricity system, (2) greening the commercial and industrial sector to reduce energy costs for firms, (3) enabling anchor institutions in the community to reduce energy use and cost, (4) making the transportation system more sustainable while promoting smart growth and complete street principles, and (5) promote energy savings for Oberlin residents in their homes. By adopting policy options and best practices, communities can spur local investments in the green economy.
Securing adequate funding is the cornerstone of any public art program. Aside from donations from private individuals and corporations, there are a number of approaches through which to garner financial support for art. These ways can be broken into four broad tracts: public/private sector endeavors; percent- and non-percent-for-art programs; developer participation; and local funding sources.
Collectively, arts and culture enable understanding of the past and envisioning of a shared, more equitable future. In disinvested communities, arts and culture act as tools for equitable development- shaping infrastructure, transportation, access to healthy food, and connecting community identity to the development of a vibrant local economy. In communities of color and low-income communities, arts and culture contribute to strengthening cultural identity, healing trauma, and fostering shared vision for community.
If ecologies evolve through diversification, cities mature through aggregation of talent and resources. The Creative Corridor Plan is premised upon the aggregation of complementary creative organizations currently scattered throughout Little Rock. Some of these groups exist at the financial margin and struggle to stay alive. Their ability to secure greater visibility and support will likely be amplified through new synergies from aggregation. Facilities slated to anchor The Creative Corridor include instruction and production spaces for the symphony, ballet, arts center, visual artists, theater, and dance, as well as a culinary arts economy that triangulates restaurants, demonstration, and education.
A city thrives when its residents thrive. Yet many families, even though they are employed fulltime, continue to struggle to meet their families' basic needs. Local elected officials across the country have discovered a way to strengthen working families while bringing more federal dollars into the local economy: by connecting eligible workers to the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC).
Suffering from years of disinvestment and persistently high rates of poverty, this case study shows how Memphis city officials joined forces with the private and nonprofit sectors to have a collective impact on some of the city's most pressing social issues.
The situation of high unemployment for black men is not new. It has persisted for decades, and scholars, sociologists, economists, policy makers, and advocates have brought attention to various aspects of this challenge and put forth solutions. Yet, it is seemingly an intractable situation. In 2012, three years after the end of the recession, the black male unemployment rate was in the double digits for every age category up to age 65. This was not the case for any other racial group. In 2010, half of working black men were employed in the two occupational clusters with the lowest average earnings. The situation was the same in 2000, and in 1990. In addition to being disproportionately represented in low-wage occupations, black men are much more likely than white men to be working part-time and to experience longer durations of unemployment.
Our key substantive finding is that early improvements in child health, academic achievement, and behavior as well as improved parenting can yield sizable economic benefits for adult earnings. This is all the more striking when we recall that our estimates, for the most part, capture only a portion of the effects that early interventions are likely to have. Given data constraints for early achievement, attention, and the home environment we have focused on effects that work through improvements in school achievement in adolescence and that result in gains in one adult outcome, earnings. We have ignored effects that work through other intermediate outcomes, such as behavior and health, including peer effects, as well as effects on other adult outcomes, such as physical health. Moreover, our estimates do not take into account any synergies that might arise from concurrent improvements across more than one domain. If we could measure the full range of effects, the economic payoffs would surely be much larger than those estimated here.
These are uncertain times. As the country barely inches its way out of the Great Recession, its economic future is unclear. The growth model of the past decade - based on a housing bubble, creditfueled consumption, and a deregulated financial industry - is failing nearly everyone. This model was not only unsustainable, but it also did not deliver on the American promise of shared prosperity. A few at the very top ran away with nearly all of the gains, and almost everyone else lost: Their wages stagnated, their assets evaporated, their jobs disappeared, and their safety net unraveled. The most vulnerable - low-income people and people of color - were hit first and worst. They are still waiting for a recovery that continues to sputter along and is at risk of "double-dipping" into another recession. At the same time, a major demographic transformation is well underway. The very same racial and ethnic groups who have long been left behind in America are quickly growing in number and population share. By the end of this decade, the majority of youth will be people of color. By 2030, the majority of workers under age 25 will be people of color. And by 2042, the majority overall will be people of color. To secure the future in the face of such economic and demographic upheaval, this nation needs a new growth model - one that builds on our assets, leaves the generations to come with a strong foundation for the future, and brings us closer to the ideal of American prosperity. Like California in the 1950s and '60s, under both Republican Governor Earl Warren and Democratic Governor Pat Brown, the nation's public- and private-sector leaders need to recognize that preparing the changing population for the needs of the modern economy is the key to our future; they must make investments that allow all people to maximize their potential. This new growth model must be driven by equity - just and fair inclusion into a society in which everyone can participate and prosper. Achieving equity requires erasing racial disparities in opportunities and outcomes. Equity is not only a matter of social justice or morality: It is an economic necessity.
Philadelphia has the worst poverty rate of the ten largest U.S. cities. Twenty-eight percent (28%) of Philadelphians - between 430,000 and 440,000 people - live below the federal poverty level. This includes 39% (135,000) of our children, 27% (265,000) of our working age adults and 17% (32,000) of our seniors. Some 1,500 families become homeless every year, including over 3,000 children. Many Philadelphians live above the federal poverty line but still face difficult choices, like whether to pay a utility bill or put food on their table. Poverty is a social problem. The City suffers from lost tax revenue, an increased tax burden, and a deterrent to the location of new businesses, jobs and income earners. All Philadelphians have a vested economic interest, if not a moral imperative, to fight poverty. Poverty diminishes the quality of life for everyone and tarnishes our city's reputation as a vibrant, thriving place to live, work, and play.